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Local Development Dynamics

By Charis Vlados (Editor)

Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Synopsis

This volume—which is a collection of published articles by the “Stra.Tech.Man Lab” research team—focuses on and examines the dynamics of local systems as the principal contributors to overall socioeconomic development. Our goal is to clarify that local development is a phenomenon that goes beyond the traditional regional analysis and the “conventional” neoclassical theorization of maximization; the dynamics of local development seems to belong in the evolutionary socioeconomic science. The evolutionary and trans-disciplinary approach to local development dynamics focuses on the examination of local-level phenomena while seeking to comprehend how local systems (local innovation environments, local business ecosystems, local clusters) shape their potential of innovation and competitiveness. In our perspective, the scientific discipline of local development studies how socioeconomic systems in today’s era of globalization innovate and compete in their different spatial articulations.

In particular, the volume contains four articles:

Local support mechanisms for entrepreneurship: The approach of local development and innovation institutions

The purpose of this article is to examine the innovative potential of small and medium-sized enterprises, which starts primarily from the micro (firm) and meso (globalized sectors of economic activity and business ecosystems in regional configurations) levels of a socioeconomic system. In this context, we argue that a developmental economic policy is inadequate when it focuses exclusively on macro-environmental measures and quantities.

This finding leads us to propose the establishment of Local Development and Innovation Institutions (ILDI), as a repositioned local development policy. These mechanisms could operate in the Greek regions to enhance the innovative capacity of the locally-established firm in a systematic way, especially in the context of the Greek socioeconomic systemic crisis. Besides, we measure through qualitative field research the perception that particular firms are cultivating internally about the need to improve their competitiveness. We find that most firms perceive the necessary changes quasi-totally only in the amelioration of their macro-environment. They do not insist on improving the micro conditions, such as the strengthening of their business culture, their ability to ameliorate their strategic planning aptitudes, their technological potential, and their managerial dexterities. These shortages constitute the basis for these firms’ competitiveness backwardness. We think that this fact underlines the need for specific Greek regions to establish the proposed ILDI mechanism, which could coordinate public and private bodies of the local socioeconomic system (universities, banks, local government, and local firms) by focusing on fostering the innovative potential of local entrepreneurship.

From the traditional regional analysis to the dynamics of local development: Foundations and theoretical reorientations

Next, we present a historical overview of the milestones of regional analysis and compare them with modern approaches to local development dynamics. Specifically, we present the following approaches of regional development: theories based on trade, models based on comparative advantage, theories of developmental stages, theories of technological change, theories of technological change, theories of cyclical fluctuations and techno-financial cycles, neo-Keynesian theories, neo-Marxist uneven development theories, dependency theory, spatial dimension theory of labor, and theories of regulation. Subsequently, we argue that the following approaches to local development dynamics address the phenomenon more thoroughly than traditional regional development. In particular, we examine (i) the multiple political dimensions of local development dynamics, (ii) the evolution of local business systems and clusters, (iii) the production and reproduction of local innovation dynamics, (iv) the aspect of bottom-up development, (v) the structurally reproduced inequality on a local scale, and (vi) the inherently conflicting social character of local development dynamics.

In conclusion, we find out that nowadays, the conventional and traditional regional analysis seems to be gradually changing focus, content, and interpretative perspective. We suggest that the regional analysis of the past seems increasingly saturated and incapable of proposing policy solutions that originate primarily from the potential of local development, innovation, and entrepreneurship. To this end, these mostly multidisciplinary approaches of local development seem to be progressively prevailing, leading the contemporary dialogue of the dynamically evolving localities to the forefront of development economics.

Crisis, innovation, and change management in less-developed local business ecosystems: The case of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace

We present in this research the co-evolving “crisis-innovation-change management” triangle and incorporate it conceptually into a less-developed local/regional business ecosystem. Specifically, we take into account the case study of the region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, which is one of the least developed regions in Greece and Europe, and we conduct field research to see how locally-established firms perceive the aspects of the crisis, innovation, and change management. As expected, in less developed local business ecosystems, small firms find it difficult to define these concepts; this fact leads us to assume that this is an obstacle to innovation. The “crisis-innovation-change management” triangle asserts that innovation and the prerequisite mechanisms of change management are strongly necessary for the exit of a structural crisis at all the interdependent levels (local, regional, national, and global). Therefore, we argue that the delay in developmental terms of this particular business ecosystem is justifiable based on how members of local firms perceive the aspect of the socioeconomic crisis, their innovation, and change management.

Strategy perception and implementation on less developed business ecosystems micro and small enterprises: The service sector of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace

Finally, in a similar methodological orientation, we try to identify how micro and small firms in a less-developed local business ecosystem perceive and implement some of the fundamental dimensions of modern strategic planning. We analyze different critical concepts of strategic management and construct a “strategy perception and implementation index,” which consists of 16 corresponding queries. Then, we present field research conducted in micro and small enterprises in the region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace in Greece. To this end, we find that the “physiologies” of these firms are adjacent to each other since they exhibit similar scores and attributes. We also notice a tendency of these firms to systematize their perception and implementation of strategy since they begin to approach some of the benchmarks set by the international literature of strategic management. However, there is still a significant distance that separates the actual strategic crafting and implementation of these firms and the literature’s standards of the international “best practices.” As a result, based on how these local firms perceive their strategy, we can explain partially the comparatively low local development potential of the region. Besides, with the method proposed in this article, we can analyze, evaluate, and ultimately attempt to reinforce the strategic formulation aptitudes that local firms have, regardless of their particular size and sectoral scope.

Contents

Introduction

 

Chapter I

Local support mechanisms for entrepreneurship: The approach of local development and innovation institutions

F. KATIMERTZOPOULOS & Ch. VLADOS

Articulation of economic policy at the macro, meso and micro level

Growth and competitiveness of firms in the light of the mesoeconomic and microeconomic policy approach

Development of economic policies and approaches for small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) at the local-regional level

The economic policy of specific countries and entrepreneurship support organizations: The cases of the US and the EU

Institutes of local development and innovation

Methodology

Discussion and conclusion

Limitation

Appendix/Questionnaire

References

 

Chapter II

From the traditional regional analysis to the dynamics of local development: Foundations and theoretical reorientations

Ch. VLADOS, N. DENIOZOS,

D. CHATZINIKOLAOU & A. DIGKAS

Introduction

Methodology

Central theoretical perspectives in analyzing the spatial phenomenon: A critical overview

Important theoretical milestones of traditional approaches to regional analysis

Critical conclusion: From the traditional perspective of regional analysis to modern approaches of local dynamics and evolution

References

 

Chapter III

Crisis, innovation, and change management in less-developed local business ecosystems: The case of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace

Ch. VLADOS, F. KATIMERTZOPOULOS,

D. CHATZINIKOLAOU, N. DENIOZOS & Th. KOUTROUKIS

Positioning the problem: crisis, innovation, and change management in less-developed regional socioeconomic systems

Literature review: Regional underdevelopment and poor business ecosystems in crisis conditions

The analytical triangle of the crisis, inadequate innovation, and incomplete change management

The case of small and micro enterprises in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace via field research

Conclusions, limitations, and prospects of expanding the research

References

 

Chapter IV

Strategy perception and implementation on less developed business ecosystems micro and small enterprises: The service sector of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace

Ch. VLADOS, & D. CHATZINIKOLAOU

Locating the research question and methodology

Literature review and construction of the questionnaire

Methodology: field of investigation and identity of the research

Field research results

Conclusions and limitations

Appendix

References

About Author(s)

Dr. Charis Vlados holds a Ph.D. degree with a “Very Honorable Distinction” for his thesis on the types/forms of evolutionary integration of the enterprises operating in Greece into globalization that took place within the framework of the Research and Studies Center on Multinational Enterprises (C.E.R.E.M) of the “Paris X-Nanterre” University. The author’s primary focus is on the fields of corporate strategy, competitiveness, entrepreneurship, economic policy, and globalization, while he has established and developed the “Stra.Tech.Man approach” in the field of business dynamics. Charis Vlados has been workingwith various research institutes and as a business consultant, both in Greece and abroad, for approximately twenty years. He is now a lecturer (academic tenure) with the Department of Economics of the Democritus University of Thrace, while has also taught in the past at the Universities of the Aegean and Peloponnese, and at various Public and Private Centres of Studies. Charis Vlados has authored until now seven scientific textbooks and monographs (in Greek) and more than 50 scientific publications.

ISBN

978-605-7736-61-1

Date of Publication

December 15, 2019

File Size: 4331 KB
Length: xvi + 146 pages

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