Critical Impressions on Papua

Socio-Economic Perspective Vol.1

By Don Augusthinus Lamaech Flassy

Papua Institute for Science and Technology/LIPTEK-Papua


In particular, the volume contains three chapters:

I. Evaluation of Papua provincial assets: Case study on non utilized and non optimized assets of integrated economic development zone (KAPET) of Biak

This chapter evaluates Papua provincial assets which are not utilized or not optimally utilized in Integrated Economic Development Zone (KAPET) of Biak. Through a case study analysis, direct observation, direct interview and literature studies conducted in this research, we found that the KAPET of Biak assets which also are the Papua provincial government’s assets have not been consistently well maintained and protected. Several assets were unutilized and were abandoned.  Considering the great potentials of KAPET-Biak area which has cultural richness, rich resources area, strategic position in the middle of world economic growth triangle and on the hub of the global route for trading in pacific region.  It would be better to develop the KAPET-Biak and its assets for further zonal developmental concept in this more global world.  The provincial government and all stake holders can also develop and utilize several assets to be the part of research and educational center (LIPTEK Lab and office).

II. Tiwit forest and preservation efforts to become forest of Earth powder: A peoposal

Tiwit Forest Preservation is in need for Sponsorship: This may an action for celebrating corporate event, carbon offsetting, launching of a Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility action: the opportunities to plant a forest as close as possible to our clients and collaborators are legion. Reforest’ Action makes it possible for us to sponsor the birth or restoration of a forest in this area and to enhance this commitment with our stakeholders.

III. Natural environment vis a vis living environment in the Papua Melanesia culture and philosophy

The title of this Chapter Natural Environment vis-à-vis Living Environment in the Culture and Philosophy of Papua Melanesia questions the Natural Environment versus Living Environment in cultural and philosophical life of the Melanesian in general and Papua in particular. In questioning that, we are confronted with three main points, first, in the daily practice of Melanesian ethnicity, especially in Papua, facing tensions that can also be called conflicts of interest between “environment” as the Natural Environment but because it is confined to foreign interests (outsiders) so it must accept the concept of the Living Environment; second, Environmental Concepts in Culture and Philosophy of Papua-Melanesia, third, Peaceful Steps as a logical consequence of the concept of sustainability. The purpose of this writing is academic and practical. The academic goals is using Structuralism and Hidden Structure theory converged with other supporting theories, bringing the compromise and action to nature in a sustainable manner. The practical purpose with respect to that is to know the concept of Papua-Melanesian emik related to the existence environment in the form of daily life behavior as well as philosophy in the form of source of life and “way of life”. Furthermore, this research also introduces what is called Papuanistics and Melanesianology. Papuanistic focuses  on  the  languages (lingustic) of Papua in this case Melanesian-Austronesians languages and Non- Austronesian  languages  or  the more elegant  are  called  Papuan  languages.  Melanesianology focuses on Anthropology. If Papuanistics had just moved in the 1980s, Melanesianology had been going on for a long time since Melanesianist Franz Boas encouraged anthropological studies in the region in 1896. In the meantime, with an understanding of the underlying propriety, through the Department of Anthropology, the Faculty o f Social Sciences of Cenderawasih University has been launched the Papuan Anthropology as the Basic Science of the Main Lecture. It would hope to be also applying to all universities in the Land of Papua. The results of this study are revealing from the perspective that Papua Melanesia regulates its environment so that it is in harmony with the available natural environment. The Culture and Philosophy of Papua-Melanesian continues only by a balanced touch of the natural environment with the desired environment. What is more understanding can be confronted with the binary opposition method of Structural Anthropology based on the ideas of Claude Lévi-Strauss.

IV. Hidden structure in the study of Papuanistiecs and Melanesianology

Development until the late 1980s and early 1990s on embodied the initiative of a typical science as the study of Papua titled Papuanistiecs as a course of study at the Department of Southeast Asia and Oceania, Faculty of Arts, University of Leiden-The Netherlands, while Melanesianology lead anthropology has been developed since 1896 when Boas carry out research works in the region of South Pacific and the Southwest Pacific. When Papuanistiecs sounds as a specific branch of the broader Melanesianology include anthropology, the course is not closed for any other specific subject areas, especially on the natural environment as physical nature (tangible) as well as the philosophy as the inner nature (intangible). A concept of intangible or philosophy of Papua-Melanesian on Socio-Cultural structure is what being proposed in this writing work as a “hidden-structure” or ‘covered structures’. The term or this formula was by the author uses to accommodate referrals various scholars who call the social structure of Papua-Melanesian as “loosely structure” or a missing structure and also as “confusing diversity” or as confuse or chaos diverse. That, “hidden structure” is said to be so because it is hidden to those outside the system which understanding as ethics while looking for people in the system who view of understanding the relationship of emics accused loose or off and confuse or confusing is very well lightly acknowledge. Melanesianology and Papuanistiecs very well coordinated by the Sydney University and the Australian National University in Canberra by enabling the University of Papua New Guinea/UPNG in Port Moresby PNG and the University of the South Pacific/USP, in Suva-Fiji. In addition to its general purpose by making Papuanistiecs and Melanesianology as a discipline of area regional study, the special purpose of the author also is about to raise these matters in connection with the State University of Cenderawasih who have declared itself as Anthropological Study Base, then the function of Papuanistiec and Melanesianology may be of the major studies take precedence in all disciplines.




Chapter I

Evaluation of Papua provincial assets: Case study on non utilized and non optimized  assets of integrated economic development zone (KAPET) of Biak

Don Augusthinus L. Flassy


Objective of research

Time, location and research team


Results and discussio

KAPET Biak building; Museum Building.




Chapter II

Tiwit forest and preservation efforts to become forest of Earth powder: A peoposal

Don Augusthinus L. Flassy & Marlina Flassy


Project description

Project impact and outcome

Project impacts to be achieved; Project Outcome to be achieved.

Output, activities, strategies

Project strategies; Policy Advocacy and Program Advocacy.

Benefit recipients

Important changes expected to happen to the benefits receivers after this project is finished

Partners outside the organizations that will be involved in running this project

How to acquire important knowledge from knowledge partners; Monitoring and evaluation strategies.

Project strategy

Organizational experiences; Other parties’ engagements; Risks and risks mitigation; Project construction; Knowledge products for project construction.

Exit strategy


Chapter III

Natural environment Vis Á Vis living environment in the Papua Melanesia culture and philosophy

Don Augusthinus L. Flassy



Natural environment; Living environment; Environment in culture and philosophy of (Papua-) Melanesian; Binary opposites; Hidden Structure; Cultural areas and ecosystems; Papuanistics and Melanesianology; The convergent process of Papua sub-continent.


Short about formation; Activities and programs; LIPTEK-Papua and future ethics.

Closing remark





Chapter IV

Hidden structure in the study of Papuanistiecs and Melanesianology

Marlina Flassy


Theoretical review

FoS; Structure; Social structure; Hidden structure; Structure linkage; Structuralism.


Culture and philosophy of Melanesia; Melanesia as universals; Melanesia as essence; Some assertions.




About Author

Don Augusthinus Lamaech Flassy was born in the village of Seribau District of Teminaboean, West Papua, on August 28, 1947, the son of the couple Simon Tesia and Salomina Flassy. Called Don, Agus is also Thinus, bearing the fam or clan name Flassy since mama Salomina was divorced by father Simon and subsequently under the care of uncle Anton Hendrik Flassy as guardian. He is known as a planner, researcher, author, editor, political activist, artist, cultural activist, teacher, lecturer and also bureaucrat. In his last position, he was the Secretary of the BAPPEDA of Irian Jaya Province 1997-2001. He had won Structural Position of the Main Trustee and Functional Position of the Expert Researcher of Other Social Sciences, Stage IV/e. Now, even though he has retired as a civil servant, he still has a cool position as Secretary of the Papua Institute for Science and Technology (LIPTEK). Since November 2017, the husband of Yuliana Christivora Welikin, SE., MM, Father of two sons (Don Rodrigo Athur Douglas Flassy, S. Sos. And Don Steven Patrick Flassy) and one daughter (Vanda Oliva Angela Flassy) has officially become Doctor in social Sciences. He defended his dissertation entitled: Peta Jalan Balik Bangsa Papua di Negeri Papua Bagian Barat: “Sebuah Keputusan Damai Pemulihan Jati Diri (The Roadmap to the Revival of the Papuan Nation in West Papua: “A Peaceful Decision on the Restoration of the Self”)” in the Cenderawasih University Postgraduate of Doctor Social Sciences, Jayapura. Education was starting from Elementary School in SR Seribau (Class I to III) 1955, Dutch Language Connection School at JVVS (Class IV to VI)1957 in Teminaboean, continuing Junior High School 1963 in ODO Fak-Fak, Senior High School 1967 in SPG Merauke and Semi-Academic 1970 in PGSLP Sukarnapura. Before becoming a doctor, Don Flassy studied at the Indonesian Language and Literature Department, FKSS-IKIP, Yogyakarta (graduated baccalaureate in 1973 and undergraduate in 1979) continue to Advance education at Department of Southeast Asia and Oceania, Faculteit der Letteren Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden, Netherlands (obtained an M.A. degree in 1992). As a writer, he has produced many books and will continue to write.



Date of Publication

December 15, 2019

File Size: 3622 KB
Length: xv + 112 pages

Other KSP Books

Other KSP Books