Economic Reform in Egypt

Selected Topics

By Hebatallah Ghoneim

German University in Cairo, Egypt


Wave of revolution had proliferated Arab World since December 2010 creating a cutting edge in history. Revolution activities had started in Tunisia and spread from west Arab community in Mauritania to east in Bahrain. Revolution had taken the shape of civil resistance through protests, marches and media awareness campaign. Citizens are eager to experience an improvement in their wellbeing and daily activities, this book highlights selected economic reform issues that affect the daily activities of each Egyptian citizen.

Chapter 1: Subsidy has been one of the common features of Egyptian economy. Subsidy had beenpart of government tools to achieve income redistribution, social welfare and gain politicalsupport. This chapter highlights the changes occurred in the Egyptian subsidy program in an attempt to enhance efficient allocation of resource, create a competitive market, eliminate price distortion and provide a better targeting program. Main changes included subsidy expenditure ,  revising ration cards possession , adding smart card usage to the system, restricting size and sales of baladi bread, increasing prices of petrol products, eliminating number of subsidized medicine and setting electricity progressive price policy according to usage category.

Chapter 2: This chapter gives an overview on Takaful and Karama program, which represents the first CCT program to be applied in Egypt. The chapter highlights the program targeting analysis, impact evaluation and operational arrangements. Additionally, this chapter discusses the way forward of this cash transfer program in light of international experiences.

Chapter 3: CCT is considered a revolution under the umbrella of social assistance. It attained its importance from its double edge benefit, as it works on alleviating poverty in short run through monetary provision, at the same time foster social and economic sustainability through its effect on education and health in long run. Nevertheless, the benefits of CCT under current education system need to be examined. This chapter model the impact of CCT taking inconsideration one major problem of education system in Egypt which is private lessons.

Chapter 4: Trade is seen as one determinant of growth in most of the developing countries. This chapter highlights the trade ability of the Egyptian economy as well as exploring the Egyptian strategy and process in trade liberalization.

Chapter 5: COVID19 pandemic situation has set health as primary target not only for growth and development but even for survival on earth. This chapter provides a literature review for the impact of nutrition intervention on the health of children.



Chapter I
Food subsidy- The unfinished business
Hebatallah Ghoneim

Chapter II
Takaful and Karama: The path for solidarity and dignity
Imane Helmy

Chapter III
Is CCT the solution for public education in Egypt?
Hebatallah Ghoneim

Chapter IV
Trade policy: The way to growth
Yara El Sehaimy

Chapter V
Health reform can starts from kindergarten
Rania Megally & Hebatallah Ghoneim 

About the Editor

Hebatallah Ghoneim: Heba is an economic lecturer at the German University in Cairo (GUC). She has obtained her bachelor degree in Economics from Cairo University, Master of Arts degree from American university in Cairo and PHD degree from German University in Cairo. Her research effort have been mainly focusing on welfare programs, international trade, foreign direct investment and Islamic economics, mainly interested in MENA region. She has also recently contributed in a research project with ILO in an attempt to provide a descriptive report about collective bargaining agreements in Egypt.



Date of Publication

June 15, 2020

File Size: 2765 KB
Length: xv + 84 pages

Other KSP Books

Other KSP Books